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MADAGASCAR MADAGASCAR GEM SAFARI
Chrome tourmaline of Tsaniria.

In 1989, Mr.Tombomana finds stones, green emerald color by moving large stones to build a tomb. A little bit later he leaves his area of Andrambali, the discovery is forgotten.

In 1992, some tourmalines are found in the hand of an Indian, tradesman of Amboasary, 150 kilometers far from there.

One Tombomana by name is back home in 1994, he profits to take again research of tourmalines. In October 1995, the young man is in Ampamata, 190 kilometers far from there, where he practices his job, teacher. It is at this period that the deposit of Tsaniria is exploited, it will produce small quantities of chrome tourmalines during two years.

                 The deposit of Tsaniria in 1995.

    

            
The Antandroy tribe living in the south of
Madagascar, is devoted mainly to the breeding of
animals, especially the zebus. One of its ancestral
habits drive them to carry out houses increasingly
smaller than those of the preceding generation. On
the other hand, when an owner of zebus die, the herd
is entirely sacrificed, the horns of the animals will be
used to decorate is luxurious and last residence.
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                     The spessartite garnet.

Exploitation of spessartite garnet in taneti      (grounds bordering the river) to Ambohimarangitra.

        

The first quotations of spessarites in the area were made by the geologist Henri Besairie in 1946.
The French colonists exploited gold and garnet in the Besafotra river between Ankaboka and Ambohimarangitra, place located 25 kilometers south-east of Mahazoma.
In 1972 a bulldozer dug a track on 30 kilometers to                Ankaboka in order to exploit there the spessartites to the edge of the river, at the place says Beakoho, this during one year.
Then, the spessartite remained forgotten until 1996, date         on which it was extracted from the river and the adjacent grounds to provide the international market temporarily.
Spessartite from Ambohimarangitra.
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 Liddicoatite tourmaline. Anjanabonoina.                    Rubellite, Anjanabonoina. Workers in Anjanabonoina.
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                 Yellow orthoclase from Itrongay. The deposit of Itrongay in the south was known for a long time to have been the single yellow orthoclase producer in the world. It is into 1988 that two new deposits were discovered in the vicinity.
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        Malaya garnets found in leptinite in 1996.

This stone shows an exceptional capacity to restore the light, thanks in particular to its high refractive index, especially  under not very enlightened condition.         

                            

Malaya's chemical composition is a mixture of many general Garnet types, including Grossular, Spessartine, Almandine and Pyrope. ( Mn3Al2(SiO4)3, Manganese Aluminum Silicate.)      RI: 1.76 - 1.78

 

This day of July 1996, the leptinite, mother rock of the malaya, was so hard, that hand work appeared unreasonable to its discoverers, some samples nevertheless were extracted.
It is in September 1998 that an éluvionaire deposit was found approximately one kilometer far from the first. The gold rush did not last, because the thickness of the ground containing the stones was modest and the deposit became exhausted quickly. In addition, the simultaneous discovery of Ilakaka sapphires attracted over there people coming from all the island at the end of 1998, the deposit was thus abandoned.
                        On the road to Malaya. Malaya garnet has been found under dry bushes and 
cactus.
            
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Emeralds from Morafeno and Ambodibakoly (East) 

   

The emerald deposits from East coast, provided quality stones since 1975 until 1993. Their professional exploitation began in the meddle of the eighties.

The first listed discovery was reported in 1911 by the geologist Levat. Then, during the colony, a settler called Bourgeois discreetly exploited the green stones which with the statement of the Madagascans made his fortune. At the time of their departure, the  settlers who worked emerald mines in the area, warned the natives against the bad spirits which could be in the holes. Thus, the gems slept within 15 years.

The area of Kianjavato, village located near the emerald mines, is in what it remains to the rain          forest of the East coast.
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