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   MADAGASCAR GEM SAFARI                      MADAGASCAR GEM SAFARI 2
PAKISTAN
Tourmaline from Estaknala, located at the foot of Haramosh mount, 7 kms from Sassi. (Between Gilgit and Skardu) The Northern areas conceals treasures, such of rubies, emeralds, sapphires, aquamarines, topazes, tourmalines etc. Unfortunately, their extraction directly in the mother-rock, makes the exploitation very difficult.
Emeralds from Sassi found in a limestone.

   
 

A gravel-top 241 kms road track connects Gilgit to Skardu, the capital of Baltistan perched 2438 meters above sea level. The journey takes 6 to 8 hours. Sassi is located at the edge of this road, in the geological belt made up amongst other things of amphibolites surrounding Nanga Parbat, one of the famous peaks of the Himalayas.

          
In Sassi, life is hard, but the inhabitants are friendly.
 

               At an elevation of 1,454 meters lies Gilgit.
               This wood bridge is one of the longest of the  
The Rakaposhi Volcanic Complex previously called the greenstone complex covers a large part of the Hunza Valley.Four main lithological elements comprising the whole mass: 1 basalt-andesite-dacite-rhyodacite to rhyolite. 2 greenschists, actinolite,chlorite schists, hornblend schist, amphibolite and agglomerates 3  Medium cristalline limestone and marble, quartzite, chert, slates and micaschist. 4 The igneous intrusions are mostly in the form of acid and basic sills and dykes. Leucocratic granites bodies are quite common.

               Himalayas.
               
               Rakaposhi overview from Haliabad.
                          Valley of Hunza.

 

Situated at an elevation of 2,438 meters, Hunza Valley      is the spot of the famous rubies found in a metamorfic limestone, said:( Ganesh marble.)

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Topaz from Dasso ( Shigar.) Shigar valley is the gateway to the great mountain          
               peaks of the Karakorams, Gasherbrum peak & K-2.
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Cherry topaz of Mardan ( natural coulour.) Mardan, on the road to Swat conceals the only
deposit of cherry topaz in the world.
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TECTONIC CONTROL OVER EMERALD MINERALIZATION IN SWAT.
Emerald of Mingora, the main city of Swat. The deposit Emerald and chromian tourmaline occur in carbonate-talc/
discovered in 1958 was closured and monopolized by the serpentine/chlorite rocks, carbonate-bearing talc schists,
government, it is what compelled certain inhabitants and associated quartz veins near Mingora, Charbagh, and 
residing in the neighbourhood to dig under their house  Shangla. The rocks are altered ultramafics found in a
to research the prohibited treasure. discontinuous belt of volcanic, volcano-sedimentary, and 
It is in the Swat valley that Alexandre of Macedon fought  sedimentary rocks that have undergone high P-low T 
and won some of his major battles before crossing over 
metamorphism.
to the plain of Pakistan.
Central street of Mingora.
                     
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Blue-green tourmaline from Kunar valley, Afghanistan. Nimak mendy, old Peshawar, on the road to Afghanistan.
     
         Mountains of Afghanistan.
                                                                                      Talking with our Afghan friend Sarbaz.

         

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